, or the woolly mammoth, is an extinct species of Proboscidea and is a little larger than modern African elephants.
Adult males were about 2.5 - 3.5 m (9 - 11 ft) at the shoulder and could weigh up to 6.6 tons.
Adult females were a bit smaller and averaged 2.5 - 3 m (8.5 - 9.5 ft) high at the shoulder and could reach 4.4 tonnes.
It has large, bowed tusks that can weigh roughly 80 kg, which were composed primarily of dentin, and were present in both males and females (Hofreiter & Lister, 2006).
Due to the mammoth's more vertically positioned head, an orientation adapted for grazing, battles took place in a way that is very unlike that of modern elephants.
The remains of this fossil elephant are unrivaled and we have mummified examples of the animals that have been entombed within the permafrost of Siberia and North America. primigenius calf is about 200 pounds (90 kilograms) and because we have hide and soft tissues preserved, we possess direct evidence that the woolly mammoth was well adapted to the cold environments that it roamed (Hofreiter & Lister, 2006).
The fur can vary in appearance from a reddish-orange to black, it is not known whether this is the result of natural variation within a population or some taphonomic process.